Quality Assessment of Data on Smoking Behaviour in the WHO MONICA Project

Table 18. Change in proportion of never smokers between surveys in 10-year birth cohorts defined by year of birth. Men and women aged 25-54 in the initial survey (See Section 5.5.)
RUA Survey MEN WOMEN Score
25-34 35-44 45-54 25-34 35-44 45-54
change s.e. change s.e. change s.e. change s.e. change s.e. change s.e.
AUS-NEWa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
-4.8
1.2
-3.6
4.2
4.8
4.2
7.9
-3.6
4.4
4.0
4.5
3.8
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
0.1
-4.9
-4.8
4.0
4.7
4.0
-4.0
1.8
-2.3
4.0
4.4
3.7
2
2
2
AUS-PERa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
-0.5
-0.1
-0.6
5.8
6.9
6.0
1.7
1.9
3.6
5.7
6.8
5.8
7.7
-6.4
1.2
6.5
7.4
6.0
5.3
0.4
5.8
5.5
6.6
5.8
-5.6
2.6
-3.0
5.6
6.7
5.8
-3.5
19.7*
16.2
6.6
7.2
6.1
2
1
2
BEL-CHAa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
-2.5
4.1
1.5
5.9
5.4
5.9
-5.2
2.0
-3.3
4.9
4.6
5.0
5.1
-4.8
0.3
5.0
4.9
4.8
-4.7
2.5
-2.2
6.1
5.9
6.2
-8.3
-1.3
-9.6
6.2
6.2
5.9
8.9
-6.4
2.5
5.3
5.2
5.5
2
2
2
BEL-GHEa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
3.5
-2.9
0.6
5.4
5.1
5.0
-3.3
-1.8
-5.1
4.7
4.7
4.6
-5.4
4.0
-1.5
4.5
4.5
4.6
-3.4
0.2
-3.2
5.8
5.6
5.6
2.9
-6.5
-3.7
5.4
5.4
5.3
-5.7
9.1
3.4
5.4
5.1
5.1
2
2
2
CAN-HALa Ini-Fin -12.7 8.7 -4.3 6.5 -10.0 5.8 -2.6 8.0 -12.8 7.1 -5.2 6.7 2
CHN-BEIa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
-15.5*
4.3
-11.1*
4.1
3.8
4.5
-3.0
-3.7
-6.7
4.9
5.0
4.7
-10.7*
5.5
-5.3
4.7
4.9
5.1
-5.1*
4.1
-1.1
1.7
1.9
1.1
-2.8
-0.7
-3.5
3.2
3.4
3.3
-2.4
5.3
2.9
4.0
3.7
3.8
1
2
2
CZE-CZEa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
4.3
2.6
6.9
3.7
3.7
3.8
5.1
-3.6
1.5
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.8
1.2
5.0
3.6
3.9
3.9
5.1
2.4
7.4
3.9
3.7
3.9
6.6
0.4
7.0
3.7
3.7
3.8
0.5
2.5
3.0
3.4
3.5
3.5
2
2
2
FIN-KUOa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
3.2
-5.0
-1.8
4.1
5.1
4.3
0.3
-5.3
-5.0
3.9
4.6
4.0
-0.6
3.5
2.9
4.0
4.7
4.3
4.7
-8.0
-3.3
4.4
5.0
4.7
4.1
-0.7
3.4
4.1
4.5
4.2
6.0
1.7
7.7
3.5
3.5
3.6
2
2
2
FIN-NKAa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
1.1
4.3
5.4
3.7
5.0
5.0
-5.8
2.8
-3.0
3.4
4.4
4.5
5.4
1.9
7.3
3.3
4.4
4.3
-5.2
4.6
-0.6
3.6
4.7
4.8
3.7
4.6
8.3
3.1
3.9
4.0
2.8
2.8
5.6
2.6
3.0
3.2
2
2
2
FIN-TULa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
7.5
-3.7
3.8
4.1
5.0
4.3
2.4
-7.4
-5.0
4.0
4.7
4.2
-2.9
5.3
2.4
4.2
4.8
4.1
3.1
3.3
6.5
4.3
5.1
4.5
2.2
-0.8
1.4
4.1
4.8
4.2
1.9
-2.8
-0.9
3.7
4.3
3.8
2
2
2
FRA-LILa Ini-Fin 5.1 5.1 -3.6 3.9 -2.6 4.3 -4.3 6.1 -0.3 4.5 2.6 4.9 2
FRA-STRa Ini-Fin dnc dnc 17.4* 4.4 5.4 4.7 dnc dnc 5.1 4.7 6.3 3.7 1
FRA-TOUa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
-2.7
4.7
2.0
4.4
4.5
4.5
5.7
0.4
6.1
4.5
4.7
4.4
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
-3.5
dnc
dnc
5.0
dnc
dnc
7.1
dnc
dnc
4.3
2
2
2
RUA Survey MEN WOMEN Score
25-34 35-44 45-54 25-34 35-44 45-54
change s.e. change s.e. change s.e. change s.e. change s.e. change s.e.
GER-AURa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
-1.0
10.7
9.7
4.6
4.6
4.6
-2.3
4.3
2.0
4.3
4.3
4.3
0.7
3.4
4.1
4.1
4.1
4.1
-0.4
1.8
1.4
4.7
4.5
4.5
1.7
4.1
5.8
4.2
4.1
4.0
0.3
3.5
3.8
3.2
3.1
3.1
2
2
2
GER-AUUa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
9.4
-7.9
1.5
4.6
4.7
4.5
-1.0
-1.3
-2.4
4.5
4.5
4.5
3.2
1.3
4.5
4.4
4.5
4.3
-0.5
-7.7
-8.2
5.0
4.8
4.8
-14.7*
11.7
-3.0
4.6
4.7
4.6
0.2
6.4
6.6
4.3
4.2
4.2
1
2
2
GER-BERa Ini-Mid 12.6 7.0 2.1 5.0 9.0 4.8 9.7 7.7 1.0 5.0 -10.2* 4.8 1
GER-BREa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
-0.1
6.1
6.0
4.2
4.7
4.5
3.1
-2.2
0.9
4.1
4.8
4.3
1.4
3.3
4.6
4.3
5.1
4.5
-14.3*
3.5
-10.8
5.1
5.0
5.0
12.7
-0.9
11.8
5.3
5.7
5.4
0.5
3.1
3.7
5.0
5.4
5.0
2
2
2
GER-COTa Ini-Mid 5.0 5.2 10.6 5.5 -1.7 5.1 10.9 5.4 -0.7 5.0 4.3 4.6 2
GER-EGEc Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
16.1
-3.7
12.4
7.4
7.5
7.1
-1.8
10.8
9.0
7.8
7.4
7.7
9.7
-10.4
-0.7
7.9
6.9
6.7
-6.8
12.3
5.5
8.1
7.2
7.7
3.3
2.3
5.6
6.2
5.3
5.8
15.1
-0.2
14.9
5.7
4.5
5.5
2
2
2
GER-EGEd Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
5.6
14.5
20.2
9.0
11.1
10.5
3.8
-4.9
-1.1
9.1
10.7
10.1
10.7
-13.4
-2.7
8.9
10.3
9.4
16.7
-13.5
3.2
8.4
9.6
9.9
12.0
1.9
13.9
6.7
6.3
7.2
7.5
-3.7
3.7
7.4
7.5
8.2
2
2
2
GER-ERFa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
5.3
-4.6
0.6
8.0
4.7
7.9
-13.5
1.4
-12.1
8.9
4.8
9.5
-6.5
-6.2
-12.7
9.1
4.8
8.7
-11.9
13.5*
1.6
8.8
5.3
9.1
2.7
-0.6
2.1
10.9
4.9
11.3
9.7
6.7
16.4
9.6
5.2
9.4
2
2
2
GER-HACa Ini-Mid 8.3 3.8 19.0* 3.8 2.9 3.9 7.7 4.2 1.6 3.6 4.5 3.3 1
GER-KMSc Ini-Mid 7.7 5.2 6.0 5.5 9.8 5.4 3.9 4.6 6.1 3.8 8.7 4.4 2
GER-KMSd Ini-Mid 8.1 5.5 -0.9 6.3 2.4 6.5 -1.4 6.3 4.1 4.9 10.8 4.4 2
HUN-BUDa Ini-Mid -1.7 3.9 4.5 3.7 -4.4 4.1 -2.5 4.6 9.3 4.4 3.8 4.3 2
HUN-PECa Ini-Mid -1.5 3.9 -5.3 3.9 1.6 3.9 1.0 4.3 7.4 4.2 4.1 3.9 2
ICE-ICEa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
3.6
1.1
4.7
5.0
4.8
4.9
4.2
1.0
5.2
4.3
4.3
4.3
3.5
1.0
4.5
4.5
4.5
4.5
1.0
2.5
3.5
4.6
4.5
4.6
2.7
-0.9
1.8
4.5
4.5
4.4
6.2
-4.0
2.2
4.6
4.7
4.6
2
2
2
RUA Survey MEN WOMEN Score
25-34 35-44 45-54 25-34 35-44 45-54
change s.e. change s.e. change s.e. change s.e. change s.e. change s.e.
ITA-BRIa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
4.5
11.1
15.5
5.1
5.5
5.2
1.8
-5.8
-4.0
4.5
4.3
4.3
4.2
2.7
6.9
4.3
4.3
4.4
2.6
-10.3
-7.6
5.4
5.4
5.3
-4.4
3.4
-1.0
4.6
4.5
4.5
5.8
2.2
8.1
4.0
3.8
3.9
2
2
2
ITA-FRIa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
-5.7
4.0
-1.8
4.8
4.8
4.9
-2.6
1.2
-1.4
4.0
4.0
4.0
0.5
3.9
4.4
4.3
4.4
4.4
-3.9
-1.6
-5.6
5.3
5.2
5.2
9.6
-5.5
4.1
4.3
4.3
4.5
1.5
0.5
2.0
4.5
4.4
4.4
2
2
2
LTU-KAUa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
10.4
-5.2
5.2
4.2
4.6
4.7
-1.6
6.1
4.5
4.5
4.5
5.0
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
-0.5
-0.2
-0.7
2.3
2.4
2.6
2.1
-0.4
1.8
2.1
2.0
2.3
2
2
2
NEZ-AUCa Ini-Fin dnc dnc -2.4 4.7 -3.2 3.8 dnc dnc 10.2 4.9 8.5 4.8 2
POL-TARa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
-6.8
2.0
-4.7
3.8
4.0
3.7
-1.1
5.3
4.1
3.0
3.6
3.2
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
-5.4
-1.1
-6.5*
3.6
4.3
3.5
4.1
-1.3
2.7
2.4
2.5
2.4
2
2
1
POL-WARa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
6.5
-3.2
3.3
3.5
3.9
3.2
5.7
-2.2
3.5
3.1
3.7
3.1
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
-1.1
1.5
0.4
4.5
4.9
4.1
0.5
4.7
5.2
3.7
4.1
3.8
2
2
2
RUS-MOCa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
11.2
-7.5
3.7
4.3
4.5
4.2
11.8
-4.5
7.3
4.0
5.2
4.7
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
0.4
6.3
6.7
4.8
4.5
4.5
0.1
2.8
3.0
3.4
3.6
3.6
2
2
2
RUS-MOIa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
-3.4
0.5
-2.9
5.2
5.5
5.5
4.4
2.4
6.8
4.8
5.0
5.2
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
4.2
10.4
14.7*
4.6
4.0
4.0
-1.3
1.0
-0.3
3.2
3.0
2.9
2
2
1
RUS-NOCa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
3.3
-4.8
-1.5
4.2
4.2
4.3
3.6
-0.9
2.8
3.9
4.1
3.8
7.1
-1.3
5.8
3.8
3.9
3.9
-0.7
-12.6*
-13.3*
3.0
3.7
3.7
-5.1
4.4
-0.7
3.3
3.5
3.0
-0.1
1.2
1.1
1.6
1.4
1.4
2
2
2
RUS-NOIa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
-6.1
2.2
-3.9
4.1
4.0
4.3
-1.2
-2.4
-3.6
4.2
4.1
4.2
3.6
0.4
4.0
4.1
4.1
4.1
-2.0
-4.9
-7.0
3.6
3.8
4.1
-1.7
-1.4
-3.1
2.7
2.9
2.7
1.1
1.7
2.8
1.5
1.0
1.2
2
2
2
RUA Survey MEN WOMEN Score
25-34 35-44 45-54 25-34 35-44 45-54
change s.e. change s.e. change s.e. change s.e. change s.e. change s.e.
SPA-CATa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
-0.5
-1.7
-2.2
3.5
2.9
3.3
-4.7
3.0
-1.7
2.8
2.6
2.9
-1.6
1.5
-0.0
2.9
2.6
2.9
-7.0
5.6
-1.4
4.1
3.7
4.0
-2.8
6.6
3.8
3.4
3.0
2.9
2.7
-2.9
-0.2
2.1
2.1
2.1
2
2
2
SWE-GOTa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
8.9
3.4
12.4
5.2
5.1
5.1
11.4
-5.3
6.1
5.0
4.6
4.9
1.6
-0.9
0.7
4.7
4.6
4.5
6.7
-2.5
4.2
5.4
4.9
5.0
8.8
-4.0
4.8
4.8
4.5
4.6
5.1
3.7
8.8
5.0
4.7
4.8
2
2
2
SWE-NSWa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
3.5
1.4
4.9
5.6
5.7
5.7
-1.1
3.1
2.0
4.9
5.0
4.9
9.7
-7.5
2.1
4.9
5.1
4.8
-2.2
-10.7
-12.8
5.5
5.3
5.4
4.0
-7.8
-3.8
4.9
5.0
4.9
4.0
-3.9
0.2
4.9
5.0
4.9
2
2
2
SWI-TICa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
2.9
-0.9
2.1
3.9
4.1
4.0
-2.4
3.6
1.3
4.0
4.1
4.2
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
dnc
-2.5
11.0
8.5
4.4
4.5
4.3
-2.1
0.4
-1.7
4.3
4.3
4.3
2
2
2
SWI-VAFa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
-10.9*
10.8
-0.0
4.4
4.5
4.9
2.3
-0.4
1.9
4.1
4.4
4.2
4.7
3.5
8.2
4.6
5.3
5.1
-9.0
7.4
-1.6
4.9
4.8
5.1
5.1
0.9
6.0
4.5
4.7
4.7
4.7
2.3
7.0
5.0
5.3
5.3
2
2
2
UNK-BELa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
0.5
5.0
5.5
4.6
4.8
4.9
3.3
-2.3
1.0
3.9
3.9
3.9
-3.7
4.7
1.0
3.6
3.7
3.7
7.3
1.8
9.1
4.6
4.8
4.7
-1.4
5.8
4.4
4.1
4.2
4.3
6.5
0.6
7.1
3.9
4.0
4.1
2
2
2
UNK-GLAa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
-7.6
-2.5
-10.1
6.0
5.4
5.7
-3.1
8.2
5.1
4.8
4.6
4.6
-4.3
5.4
1.1
4.1
3.9
4.3
0.1
3.8
3.9
5.8
5.0
5.7
1.0
-2.0
-1.0
5.3
4.6
5.0
-0.8
-1.0
-1.9
5.2
4.7
5.0
2
2
2
USA-STAa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
-2.0
6.3
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.4
-2.3
7.9
5.6
5.2
5.8
5.7
6.3
-9.6
-3.4
5.9
6.3
5.9
4.8
2.1
6.9
4.2
4.2
4.2
-0.2
8.7
8.5
5.5
5.6
5.6
-0.4
-0.7
-1.1
5.5
5.9
5.8
2
2
2
YUG-NOSa Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
1.0
0.3
1.3
4.0
4.0
4.2
0.5
7.9
8.4
4.5
4.8
4.7
6.3
-0.3
6.0
4.4
4.6
4.6
5.7
1.0
6.7
4.9
4.9
5.1
12.0
-0.4
11.6
5.2
4.9
5.0
7.1
-0.2
6.9
4.5
4.2
4.6
2
2
2
RUA Survey MEN WOMEN Score
25-34 35-44 45-54 25-34 35-44 45-54
change s.e. change s.e. change s.e. change s.e. change s.e. change s.e.
Total Ini-Mid
Mid-Fin
Ini-Fin
2.0
2.4
3.2
0.9
1.1
1.1
1.0
-0.2
0.3
0.8
0.9
0.8
2.6
-0.4
1.9
0.8
0.9
0.8
0.4
-0.5
-1.1
0.9
1.0
1.1
1.8
1.4
2.4
0.8
0.8
0.8
2.7
1.5
4.1
0.7
0.8
0.8



Key:
dnc = data not collected
* = significant change